02C. Women in Sports

international race

2C.  Women's Sports

 Save Women’s Sports
“…a coalition that fights to preserve sex-based eligibility standards for participation in female sports”

She Won
“… dedicated to archiving the achievements of females who were displaced by males in women's sporting events and other types of competitions expressly for women. One day soon we hope their accomplishments will be formally recognized.”

There’s a reason that women’s sports were made by and for natural-born women.
― Jessica Marie Baumgartner


Yuliah Alma.  “'An injustice':  Former Canadian Olympic head coach speaks out against results of 2016 Olympics, calls for sex-segregated sport.”  [2023]

Associated Press.  “World swimming bans transgender athletes from women’s events.” [2022]

Leonardo Azevedo Mobilia Alvares, Marcelo Rodrigues Santos, Francis Ribeiro Souza, Lívia Marcela Santos, Berenice Bilharinho de Mendonça, Elaine Maria Frade Costa, Maria Janieire Nazaré Nunes Alves, Sorahia Domenice.  “Trans women's heart-lung capacity and strength exceed cis peers even after years of hormone therapy.”  [2022]

Tim Black.  “Trans ideology will destroy women’s sports: Allowing biological males to compete against women is a license to cheat.”  [2022]

Center for Disease Control.
“Mean body weight, height, and body mass index,                
United States 1960–2002” 

Eddie Chau.  “Surfer Bethany Hamilton refuses to compete with transgender women:  She’d prefer to see the WSL start a new division ‘so that all can have a fair opportunity to showcase their passion and talent.’”  [2023]

Civic Impulse, LLC. “S. 613: Protection of Women and Girls in Sports Act of 2023.” [2023]

Kristen Conti.  “IOC announces new rules for transgender athletes before Paris 2004 Olympics.” [2022]

Naomi Cunningham and Fiona McAnena.  "Women’s sport & the law: What is fair & what is legal when it comes to trans inclusion in elite women’s sports?”

Sharron Davies.  “I was an Olympic Swimmer, I want trans women banned from all female sports.”  [2022]

______."Men don’t belong in women’s sport.”  [2023]

Sarah Ditum. “Who loses when trans women win? The trans debate is harming intersex people like Caster Semenya.”

Tyler Durden.  "Female athlete retires after competing against biological men, says girls 'No longer have a fair chance’.”  [2023]

Libby Emmons.  "Former UPenn female swimmer testifies that teammates of Lia Thomas were forced to undergo 're-education' to make them 'comfortable with the idea of undressing in front of a male’: 'My teammates and I were forced to undress in the presence of Lia, a 6' 4" tall biological male, fully intact with male genitalia 18 times per week’.”  [2023]

Feminist Wiki.  “Trans women in women’s sports.” [2021]

Gina Florio.  "Lia Thomas suspected to have autogynephilia, an abnormal sexual desire that results in men being aroused by themselves pretending to be women.”  [2023]

ZK Goh, Evelyn Watta, and Ed Knowles.   "DSD athletes: What does it mean to be DSD and how gender and sex are the big issues in athletics:  Caster Semenya and Francine Niyonsaba are just two athletes affected by the IAAF's new DSD rules. Here's a guide on what DSD is and why the IAAF has introduced the regulations.” [2023]

Jean Hatchet.  “Women will play on: Don’t ask a woman to take herself out of the game.” [2023]

Heather Heying.  "Celebrating the Cheater: How to beat women in the 21st century.” [2023]

Emma N. Hilton, and Tommy R. Lundberg.  “Transgender women in the female category of sport: Perspectives on testosterone suppression and performance advantage.” [2021]

Jeanna Hoch.  “Lia Thomas wants respect—Well, so do women.”  [2023]

Virginia Kruta.  “‘Did this just say PEACEFUL?’:  Riley Gaines unloads on San Francisco State’s response to attack.”  [2023]

Graham Linehan.  “Thousands of complaints filed after trans YouTuber allowed to play on women’s football league, reportedly injured players: Riley Dennis is another male cheat in women's sports.” [2023]

John Lohn.  “A look at the numbers and times: No denying the advantages of Lia Thomas.” [2023]

Christina Maxouris.  “3 Connecticut high school girls are suing over a policy that allows trans athletes to compete in girls' sports.” [2020]

Fiona McAnena.  “The flawed science of trans inclusion in women’s sport: Advocates are embracing flawed studies to justify unfair inclusion.” [2022]         

Asher McShane.  “Trans woman, 29, beats girl, 13, to win women's skateboarding contest in NYC.”  [2022]

Robinson Meyer. “We thought female athletes were catching up to men, but they’re not: Across dozens of sports, women's world speed records consistently fall 10 percent short of men’s records.”  [2012]

Meghan Murphy.  “Trans athletes make a mockery of women’s sports.” [2019]

All space becomes male space unless females maintain a concerted effort to mark a space for themselves.
— Sheila Jeffreys

Martina Navratilova.  “The rules on trans athletes reward cheats and punish the innocent: Letting men compete as women simply if they change their name and take hormones is unfair — no matter how those athletes may throw their weight around.” [2019]

Amy Nelson.  "Former Lia Thomas teammate challenges White House rhetoric on trans athletes: 'Dangerous for women’:  Paula Scanlan said she plans to 'stand against' any attempts to rewrite Title IX.”  [2023]

Jon Pike.  “Why ‘Meaningful Competition’ is not fair competition.”  [2023]
The Journal of the Philosophy of Sport is a peer-reviewed journal.

Ross Pomeroy. "The blunt scientific truth about transgender women’s athletic ability: Even after a decade of hormone therapy, trans women are stronger and faster than cis women.”  [2023]

Michael Powell.  “What Lia Thomas could mean for women’s elite sports: Although the number of top transgender athletes is small, the disagreements are profound, cutting to the core of the debate around gender identity and biological sex.” [2022]

Maya T. Prabhu. “Georgia bill would make transgender youth compete as gender identified at birth.” [2019]

The Publica Staff.  “Australian government instructs news outlet to delete article that offended trans activist.”  [2023]

Redactie MT-Inegraal.  “Differences between men and women in sports.”  (translated by Pastbin) [2023]

Valerie Richardson.  “Robert F. Kennedy Jr. splits with Democrats by opposing biological males in women’s sports.”  [2023]

John Riley. “3 states introduce bills to restrict transgender athletes to competing based on their birth sex: Spate of bills targeting transgender athletes shows social conservatives believe they’ve found a salient wedge issue.” [2019] 

ripx4nutmeg.  “… just some of the males who have gone on to win women's sports events - including how they performed in the men's category before they started identifying as women.”  [2023]

Dan Roan.  "British Cycling to ban transgender women from competing in female category.” [2023]

Julia Diana Robertson. “DOJ sides with 3 Connecticut HS girls about fairness in sports.” [2020]

Dani Shugart. “Trans athletes: The death of women’s sports: Fairness gone too  far.” [2019]

Sky News.  "Transgender World Cup swimming races sunk after no one enters:  The open category was set up to accommodate transgender swimmers after restrictions were imposed on them.”  [2023]

Jennifer Smith. “'I'm not going to go easy on them just because they're kids': Trans skateboarder, 29, defends competing against young girls and insists she [sic!] doesn't have a physical advantage.”


Eric Spitznagel.  “Trans women athletes have unfair advantage over those born female: testosterone.”  [2021]

Kathleen Stock. "On your bike, Vogue — we can see what you think of women’s sport: The only athlete on the magazine’s list of powerful females is a trans cyclist with odd ideas on diversity.” [2023]

Amelia Strickler.  “Trans TikTok star Dylan Mulvaney makes total mockery of female athletes like me.”  [2023]

Greg Wehner.  “Riley Gaines tells Congress she was held for ransom at San Francisco State, unsure if she could leave safely.”  [2023]

Why Evolution Is True.  “Woman opposing participation of trans women on women’s sports teams assaulted at SFSU.”  [2023]

World Rugby.  “Transgender women guidelines.” [2023]

Shay Woulahan.  “EXCLUSIVE: Trans-identified male playing in women’s field hockey club injured female player.” [2023’


While sports are indisputably a positive source of strength and self-development for girls, they can accomplish this only if the environment in which female athletes throw their javelins, kick their soccer balls, and swim their fast and furious laps is an environment that respects girls and takes them seriously as athletes.
Leslie Heywood

Crain and Company.  “Riley Gaines AMBUSHED & Biden Administration pushes new trans rule.”  [2023] VIDEO

Fair Play for Women.  “The inclusion delusion.”  [2023]

Riley Gaines.  Testimony of Riley Gaines before the House Subcommittee on Oversight, Investigations, and Accountability (Chairman Dan Bishop (R-NC)), May 16, 2023.  [2023]
          (Verbatim transcript)  https://docs.house.gov/meetings/HM/HM09/20230516/115946/HHRG-118-HM09-W…

KTVU Fox 2 San Francisco.  "Swimmer Riley Gaines 'ambushed,' 'physically hit.' [2023]

Posey Parker. “Beth Stelzer: Save women’s sports.” [2020]   VIDEO

Chris Williamson.  "The most compelling argument against trans athletes in sports.”  [2023]

It is difficult for men to measure the enormous extent of social discrimination that seems insignificant from the outside and whose moral and intellectual repercussions are so deep in woman that they appear to spring from an original nature. The man most sympathetic to women never knows her concrete situation fully.” 
― Simone de Beauvoir, The Second Sex

Linda Blade.  Unsporting:  How trans activism and science denial are destroying women’s sport.  [2021] BOOK

Sharron Davies.  Unfair Play: The Battle for Women’s Sport.  [2023] 

Carole Hooven.  T: The story of testosterone, the hormone that dominates and divides us. [2021]  ONLINE BOOK

... her wings are cut and then she is blamed for not knowing how to fly. 
― Simone de Beauvoir, The Second Sex


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