02B. Misogyny and  Discrimination in Women’s Health Care, Obstetrics and Gynecology. Forced Sterilization. Sick Women; Women with Disabilities

doctor shaking hands with a man


2B. Misogyny, Discrimination and Abuse in Women’s Health Care, Obstetrics and Gynecology. Forced Sterilization. Sick Women; Women with Disabilities

National Advocates for Pregnant Women
“…National Advocates for Pregnant Women (NAPW) works to secure the human and civil rights, health and welfare of all people, focusing particularly on pregnant and parenting women, and those who are most likely to be targeted for state control and punishment — low income women, women of color, and drug-using women.”

Misogyny was born of fear of women.
― Sarah B. Pomeroy, Goddesses, Whores, Wives and Slaves: Women in Classical Antiquity

Josephine Bartosch.  “The abuse of disabled women often goes unseen.”  [2022]

Julia Belluz and Nina Martin. “The extraordinary danger of being pregnant and uninsured in Texas: The state’s system for helping the uninsured thwarts women at every turn and encourages subpar care.” [2019]        https://archive.ph/wip/RDdYd

Business Bliss Consultants FZE.  "Women's health and gender bias in healthcare." [2018]
Literature review with extensive footnotes.

Kelly Burrowes.  "Gender bias in medicine and medical research is still putting women’s health at risk." [2021]

Helen Carr.  “Women have always been ‘hysterical’: Their pain has never been taken seriously.” [2021]

Denis Campbell. “Women 32% more likely to die after operation by male surgeon, study reveals.” [2022]

Tanya Gold.   "Adam Kay’s dangerous misogyny: Women are reduced to orifices with imbeciles attached."

_____.   "The deadly omertà of childbirth: Why aren't women allowed to talk about how dangerous reproduction can be?" [2020]

Lesbians United. “Puberty suppression: Medicine or malpractice?”  [2022]

Graham Linehan.  “Plastic surgery and the rewiring of the human brain.” [2022]

Dr. Howard Markel. "In 1850, Ignaz Semmelweis saved lives with three words: Wash your hands." [2015]

Medical News Today.  “Gender bias in medical diagnosis.” [2021]

Dr. Arghavan Sales.  "I am an angry woman.  From workplace bias to sexist politics, we have a lot to be angry about." [2018]

Ewan Somerville.  “NHS U-turns on transgender plans for maternity care after midwives revolt:  Those who opposed the ‘gender inclusive training’ said it was a ‘watershed moment’ for staff rooting out trans ideology from the inside.” [2023]

Brianna Theobald. “A 1970 law led to mass sterilization of Native American women. That history still matters.” [2019]

Wendy Tuohy.  “Dehumanised and violated: Women tell of ‘obstetric violence’ during childbirth.” [2022]


When anesthesia was developed, it was for many decades routinely withheld from women giving birth, since women were "supposed" to suffer. One of the few societies to take a contrary view was the Huichol tribe in Mexico. The Huichol believed that the pain of childbirth should be shared, so the mother would hold on to a string tied to her husband's testicles. With each painful contraction, she would give the string a yank so that the man could share the burden. Surely if such a mechanism were more widespread, injuries in childbirth would garner more attention. 
― Nicholas D. Kristof, Half the Sky:  Turning Oppression into Opportunity for Women Worldwide


Elinor Cleghorn.  Unwell women: misdiagnosis and myth in a man-made world.  [2021]  BOOK.  HIGHLY RECOMMENDED.                         

Alyson J. McGregor, M.D.  Sex matters:  How male-centric medicine endangers women’s health and what we can do about It.  [2020]  BOOK

Theodore G. Obenchain.  Genius belabored: Childbed Fever and the tragic life of Ignaz Semmelweis. [2016]  BOOK

Haider Warraich, M.D.  The song of our scars: the untold story of pain.  [2022] BOOK
     Especially Chap. 8, “The Pain of the Powerless: Injustice and the Arc of Suffering.”





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