02B. Misogyny and  Discrimination in Women’s Health Care, Obstetrics and Gynecology and in Medical Research. Sterilization: Forced or Elective. Sick Women; Women with Disabilities

woman in pain


2B. Misogyny, Discrimination and Abuse in Women’s Health Care, Obstetrics and Gynecology and in Medical Research. Sterilization:  Forced or Elective. Sick Women; Women with Disabilities

National Advocates for Pregnant Women
“…National Advocates for Pregnant Women (NAPW) works to secure the human and civil rights, health and welfare of all people, focusing particularly on pregnant and parenting women, and those who are most likely to be targeted for state control and punishment — low income women, women of color, and drug-using women.”


If you now anything about the history of abuses of women by the medical profession, it's not a stretch to think that some of this "teaching" [in medical schools] is questionable, if not actually misogyny and unethical.
― Elinor Cleghorn. Unwell women:  Misdiagnosis and myth in a man-made world

Josephine Bartosch.  “The abuse of disabled women often goes unseen.”  [2022]

_____.   “Rape crisis centers have sold out feminism.”  [2022]

Julia Belluz and Nina Martin. “The extraordinary danger of being pregnant and uninsured in Texas: The state’s system for helping the uninsured thwarts women at every turn and encourages subpar care.” [2019]        

Cynthia Breheny. “Lies in women’s health.”  [2023]
One woman experiences menstrual pain over decades and finally learns its true cause.

Kelly Burrowes.  "Gender bias in medicine and medical research is still putting women’s health at risk." [2021]

Business Bliss Consultants FZE.  "Women's health and gender bias in healthcare." [2018]
Literature review with extensive footnotes.

Denis Campbell. “Women 32% more likely to die after operation by male surgeon, study reveals.” [2022]

Helen Carr.  “Women have always been ‘hysterical’: Their pain has never been taken seriously.” [2021]

Laura Donnelly.  "NHS maternity ward negligence surges as midwives fail to listen to mothers: Experts say too many families are being forced to suffer 'heartbreaking' consequences as regulators warn of a deterioration in care.” [2023]

Libby Emmons.   "Biological male celebrated for 'breastfeeding' newborn while the mother hemorrhages post-childbirth.” [2023]

European Society of Cardiology.  “Women more likely to die after heart attack than men.” [2023]

Tanya Gold.   "The deadly omertà of childbirth: Why aren't women allowed to talk about how dangerous reproduction can be?" [2020]

_____.   Adam Kay’s dangerous misogyny: Women are reduced to orifices with imbeciles attached."

Lesbians United. “Puberty suppression: Medicine or malpractice?”  [2022]

Graham Linehan.  “Plastic surgery and the rewiring of the human brain.” [2022]

Dr. Howard Markel. "In 1850, Ignaz Semmelweis saved lives with three words: Wash your hands." [2015]

Maypelsyrup.  “Why saying ‘uterus havers’ and ‘cervix owners’ is medically dangerous for women, especially the most vulnerable women.” [2021]

Medical News Today.  “Gender bias in medical diagnosis.” [2021]

Dr. Arghavan Sales.  "I am an angry woman.  From workplace bias to sexist politics, we have a lot to be angry about." [2018]

Victoria Smith.  "How disastrous births haunt women: Mothers are still mocked for wanting control.” [2023]

Ewan Somerville.  “NHS U-turns on transgender plans for maternity care after midwives revolt:  Those who opposed the ‘gender inclusive training’ said it was a ‘watershed moment’ for staff rooting out trans ideology from the inside.” [2023]

Brianna Theobald. “A 1970 law led to mass sterilization of Native American women. That history still matters.” [2019]

Peg Tittle.  “Sterilization: The personal and the political.”  [2023]

Wendy Tuohy.  “Dehumanised and violated: Women tell of ‘obstetric violence’ during childbirth.” [2022]

Laura Ungar.  "Maternal deaths in the US more than doubled over two decades: Black mothers died at the highest rate.”  [2023]


Victims of gaslighting may experience a loss of mental equilibrium, anxiety, and depression. They may lose self-confidence and self-esteem, question the legitimacy of their illness, or wonder whether they’ll ever see a resolution of their issue. Feeling unheard and dismissed may also foster a woman’s distrust of the medical community as a whole and contribute to a pattern of delayed reporting, diagnosis and treatment.
― Renee Goyeneche, “Just Your Imagination? The Dangerous Gender Bias In Women’s Healthcare”


Elinor Cleghorn.  Unwell women: Misdiagnosis and myth in a man-made world.  [2021]  BOOK 
HIGHLY RECOMMENDED.                         


Alyson J. McGregor, M.D.  Sex matters:  How male-centric medicine endangers women’s health and what we can do about It.  [2020]  BOOK

Robert S. Mendelsohn.  Mal(e)practice: How doctors manipulate women.  [rev. ed. 1982]  BOOK

Theodore G. Obenchain.  Genius belabored: Childbed Fever and the tragic life of Ignaz Semmelweis. [2016]  BOOK

Haider Warraich, M.D.  The song of our scars: the untold story of pain.  [2022] BOOK
     Especially Chap. 8, “The Pain of the Powerless: Injustice and the Arc of Suffering.”

When anesthesia was developed, it was for many decades routinely withheld from women giving birth, since women were "supposed" to suffer. One of the few societies to take a contrary view was the Huichol tribe in Mexico. The Huichol believed that the pain of childbirth should be shared, so the mother would hold on to a string tied to her husband's testicles. With each painful contraction, she would give the string a yank so that the man could share the burden. Surely if such a mechanism were more widespread, injuries in childbirth would garner more attention. 
― Nicholas D. Kristof, Half the Sky:  Turning Oppression into Opportunity for Women Worldwide


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