14.  The Legal System: Women Criminal Defendants; Women in Prison

Suffragettes behind bars

 

14.  The Legal System:  Women Criminal Defendants; Women in Prison

The culture of sexual violence was so pervasive that even the prison chaplain was sexually assaulting women when they came to the chapel.
― Bryan Stevenson


Feminist Criminology
Peer reviewed journal.
“…research related to women, girls, and crime within the context of a feminist critique of criminology. Published five times a year by SAGE Publications as the official journal of the Division on Women and Crime of the American Society of Criminology, this international publication focuses on research and theory that highlights the gendered nature of crime.          
         The feminist critique of criminology incorporates a perspective that the paths to crime differ for males and females. Therefore, research that uses sex as a control variable often fails to illuminate the factors that predict female criminality.”
https://us.sagepub.com/en-us/nam/journal/feminist-criminology#

International Network for Incarcerated Girls and Women
“INIGW members advocate for the rights of incarcerated girls and women in their respective countries/states, and we support each other and other groups & individuals advocating for incarcerated females in various locations.” https://theinigw.wixsite.com/inigw

Keep Prisons Single Sex

“... to campaign for the sex-based rights of women in prison to single-sex accommodation and same-sex searching. We also campaign for data on offending to be recorded by sex throughout the criminal justice system.”
https://kpssinfo.org
https://twitter.com/NoXYinXXprisons

Women’s Liberation Front: Women’s Prisons
“Incarcerated women are overwhelmingly victims of male violence.”
https://www.womensliberationfront.org/womens-prisons

She took my papers, the papers that had followed me from the Khobar police station to jail, and pointed at a place where I was supposed to sign. On the paper there was a line for charges. In the blank space, someone had written “driving while female.” 
― Manal al-Sharif, Daring to Drive: A Saudi Woman's Awakening 

 

American Psychological Association.  “Incarcerated women: Poverty, trauma and unmet need.” (2019)
https://archive.ph/RNfI8

Jo Bartosch.  “Why did we ever let male rapists into women’s prisons?: Vulnerable women have been put at serious risk by the state’s blind devotion to trans ideology.”  [2022]
https://archive.ph/ESBWK

Julie Bindel. “The women jailed for fighting back: The re-trial of Fri Martin shows how little the justice system cares for victims of domestic violence.” [2021]
https://archive.ph/JCCmx

_____.  “When abused women fight back: Those trapped in violent relationships are still being let down by the justice system.”  [2021]
https://archive.ph/wip/aaQlT

_____. "Why are we locking up abused women?: The Domestic Violence Bill doesn't do enough to protect victims from the actions of violent partners." [2020]
https://archive.ph/wip/jTtce

_____. "Aileen Wuornos was no monster: Why do we continue to sensationalise this tormented woman's desperate life?" [2020] https://archive.ph/pjUdo

Matt Dathan. “Ministers to have veto on where trans prisoners serve sentences.”  [2022]
https://archive.ph/pgfzc#selection-811.0-822.0

Libby Emmons.  "Biological men transferred to women's prisons allegedly rape and assault inmates." [2021]
https://archive.ph/lvEDY#selection-361.0-361.80

Renee Gerlich. “Cassandra lives: from politics to the courtroom, women are disbelieved.” [2020]  
HIGHLY RECOMMENDED
https://archive.ph/ydivH

Genevieve Gluck. "AUS: female inmates protest transfer of transgender sex offender." [2022]
https://archive.ph/Dd8bE

Amber S. Jackson. “California women's prison passes out condoms to inmate population as arrival of ‘transwomen’ causes explosion of risky sex.”[2021]
https://archive.ph/XZkaE 

Melissa Jeltsen.  "Woman says police forced her to give birth in handcuffs: The woman claims she was shackled during her labor, over the objections of medical staff who told police the practice was illegal." [2018]
https://archive.ph/0nv5a

Morgan Laird. “What’s Current: Campaigners in Ottawa protest the transfer of male offenders to women’s prisons” [2022]

https://archive.ph/6umtp
https://twitter.com/esme_saysno/status/1535715739834925063

Victoria Law. “Against carceral feminism.” [2014]
https://archive.ph/wip/FKA5T

Jaymi McCann.  “More than half of trans inmates have been convicted of a sexual offence: Of the 146 such prisoners in jails across England and Wales, 87 were originally found guilty of a sex crime.”  [2022]
https://archive.ph/lsvbT

Oliver Norton.  “TWIST PERV: Rape monster who target female victims demands move to WOMEN’S prisons.” [2023]
https://archive.ph/wip/9CuSB

Reduxx Team.   “SCOTLAND: Trans-identified male guilty of raping two women with “her penis” sent to women’s prison.”  [2023]
https://archive.ph/PVUfY

Patrick Reilly.  “Transgender Rikers inmate sentenced to 7 years for raping female prisoner.” [2022]
https://archive.ph/JgjNC

Hugh Ryan. "The Women's House of Detention: a queer history of a forgotten prison." [2022] 
https://archive.ph/wip/tZsKA

Diane Shaw.  "‘Transgender’ inmates sexually assault, rape female inmates at a shocking rate, Ministry of Justice reveals."  [2020]
https://archive.ph/3K5Pe

Abigail Shrier. “Male inmates in women’s prisons: If Congress passes the Equality Act, California’s dangerous policy would go nationwide.” [2021]
https://archive.ph/wip/zItlp

Anna Slatz.  “Women being ‘punished’ for complaining about male transfers: Inmate in California women’s prison.” [2022]
https://archive.ph/7kf5c

Truth be told, whether free or incarcerated, women were not safe anywhere. Since the dawn of time, they had been the victims of decisions that were taken without their consent. 
― Victoria Mas, The Mad Women's Ball


John M. Smoot; Don Hamilton, ed..  “The trial court and gender theory.” [2022]
https://archive.ph/6Ftse

STILLTish.  “The apartheid of sex: Rothblatt.” [2021]                                     
https://archive.ph/No2Zf

The Sunday Times. [UK] “Trans prisoners ‘switch gender again’ once freedfrom women’s units.” [2022]
https://archive.ph/K9r07

 Sister Toldjah. “Elizabeth Warren: Transgender ‘women’ should be incarcerated in female prisons. [2020]
https://archive.ph/lMZSP

David Walker.  “Anger as trans inmates revert to males when they leave Scottish prisons.” [2022]
https://archive.ph/wip/sZwWa

Kalyn Womack. “Black teenage girl who killed her rapist ordered to pay $150k to his estate: The bill created to protect trafficking victims in cases like this did not get passed in the state.” [2022]
https://archive.ph/LLxzv#selection-799.0-799.93

Women’s Liberation Front. “Condom purchases and sexual assault: Internal documents describe devastating impacts of self-ID in California prisons.” [2021]
https://archive.ph/m15IJ

_____. “WOLF sues California Department of Corrections to restore single-sex prisons.” [2021]
https://archive.ph/wip/yEA3O


By 1980, when I came out of prison, The Sun did a campaign to stop putting vice girls in prison. We've talked about it ever since and nothing has been done about it.
― Cynthia Payne

Women’s Declaration International. “Lauren Adams - USA - Fighting for Single-Sex Prisons.” [2022] VIDEO
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uj8apDY0za4

 

 


 

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