15. Women and Poverty; Homelessness; Period Poverty ["Period Equity"]

homeless Native American woman


15.  Women and Poverty, Homelessness; Period Poverty ["Period Equity"]

Alternatives for Girls
“... to help homeless and high-risk girls and young women avoid violence, teen pregnancy and exploitation, and help them to explore and access the support, resources and opportunities necessary to be safe, to grow strong and to make positive choices in their lives.”

Battered Women Support Services [Vancouver]
"Battered Women’s Support Services (BWSS), as ending violence workers, frequently and regularly work with women facing homelessness. It is the worst form of urban poverty and social vulnerability. Women are one of the groups affected most dramatically by homelessness, in terms of both the challenges they face once homeless and the impacts of the dangers to them of being homeless."

Homeless Prenatal Program
“... family resource center in San Francisco that empowers homeless and low-income families, particularly mothers motivated by pregnancy and parenthood, to find within themselves the strength and confidence they need to transform their lives.”

 My Sisters' Place [Hartford, CT]
“... a safe and nurturing environment… for  people who have found themselves homeless due to domestic violence, eviction, unemployment or mental illness – the overwhelming majority often women and children.”

Period Action
"We aim to advocate for systemic change through policy and legislation regarding menstrual equity. Reaching out to state representatives, canvassing, and lobbying are all important in making period poverty a mainstream issue and one that our legislators will prioritize."

Period Equity
"Food or tampons? No one should have to choose."

Fred Victor [Toronto]
"a social service charitable organization that fosters long-lasting and positive change in the lives of homeless and low-income people living across Toronto."

When the women were able to time and space their pregnancies, they were more likely to advance their education, earn an income, raise healthy children, and have the time and money to give each child the food, care, and education needed to thrive. When children reach their potential, they don’t end up poor. This is how families and countries get out of poverty. In fact, no country in the last fifty years has emerged from poverty without expanding access to contraceptives.” 
― Melinda Gates, The Moment of Life: How Empowering Women Changes the World


“A.”  “Protecting men at the women’s shelter.” [2020]

Bridget Crawford and Emily Waldman.  "Period poverty in the United States: what the law should do." [2022]

Huma Farid, M.D.  "Period equity: What it is and why it matters.” [2021]

Brad Hunter.  “Trans woman sexually assaulted shelter resident: cops.”   [2023]

Angela Marie MacDougall.  “Women, violence, homelessness and housing.”  [2023]

Sanam Maher.  "The activists confronting period taboos in Pakistan : Facing threats and alienation, women push for menstrual awareness in a country where women’s health taboos limit rights. " [2023]

Nursing @USC Blog.  "Unsafe and unwell: How homelessness affects women and how to help." [2019]

Regis College, Master of Science in Nursing.  "Period poverty, stigma, and female hygiene gaps in the U.S. and around the world." [2021]

Raquel Rosario Sanchez.  “If ‘white feminism’ is a thing, gender identity ideology epitomizes it.”  [2017]

Amy Smith. "The state of period poverty in the U.S."  [n.d.]

JR Thorpe.  "Over a third of people think period poverty isn't an issue in the U.S.-- they're wrong." [2019]

Wikipedia. "Homeless women in the United States." [n.d.]


Women do two thirds of the world's work. Yet they earn only one tenth of the world's income and own less than one percent of the world's property. They are among the poorest of the world's poor.
― Barber B Conable Jr.


Paul Farmer, M.D. Women, poverty, and AIDS: Sex, drugs, and structural violence, 2nd Ed. 2007.  RECOMMENDED




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