11A. Women in Wartime; Rape as a Weapon of War.  Women and the Military

children of war


11A. Women in Wartime; Rape as a Weapon of War.  Women and the Military.   

Women more than men can strip war of its glamour and its out-of-date heroisms and patriotisms, and see it as a demon of destruction and hideous wrong.
―  Lillian Wald

Comfort Women Justice Coalition
“... to remember the hundreds of thousands of women and girls sexually enslaved by the Japanese Imperial Army from the early 1930s to 1945 and to educate the public about their history.”

 Comfort Women News
“... to share in English what is being said from Korean press.”

Consortium on Gender, Security and Human Rights
“… to use knowledge about gender and security to end armed conflicts and build sustainable international peace.”


The hostility and venomous response the topic of sexual trauma and rape in the military brings up, especially with men from my Era, is revealing. This opposition speaks to their guilt and toward the truth that stays hidden.” 
― Diane Chamberlain, Conduct Unbecoming: Rape, Torture, and Post Traumatic Stress Disorder from Military Commanders


Mia Bloom. “Rape by Russian soldiers in Ukraine is the latest example of a despicable wartime crime that spans the globe.” [2022] 

FreeTaiger.  “Rape of Iraqi women by U.S. soldiers viedo [sic!] and photo.” [in English] [2010]

Judah Ari Gross.  "IDF officer who raped Palestinian was not dismissed for earlier sexual offenses:  Soldier had reportedly faced disciplinary committee over sexual harassment of female officers, but convinced military to allow him to remain in service.” [2021]
Offenses included rape of a Palestinian woman.

Human Rights Watch.  "Shattered lives: Sexual violence during the Rwandan genocide and after." [1996]

Bethan McKernan.  “Rape as a weapon: huge scale of sexual violence inflicted in Ukraine emerges: Women and girls have recounted the abuse they have suffered at the hands of Russian soldiers.” [2022


Kerry N. Paterson.  “Ten must read books on sexualized violence in war.” [2013]   

Larissa M. Peltola. “Rape and sexual violence used as a weapon of war and genocide: An examination of historical and contemporary cases of genocidal rape and prosecution of rape in international courts.”  [2018]

Peter Preskar. “The horrific mass rape of German women at the end of World War II: The greatest mass rape in history — the liberators raped over 2 million women.” [n.d.]

Barry Sheppard.  “UNITED STATES:  Documents reveal sexual exploitation and abuse in Korean War.” [2023]

Vibeke Brask Thomsen.  “'Survival sex': How NGOs and peacekeepers exploit women in war.” [2013]

Valerie Wieskamp. “My Lai, sexual assault and the Black Blouse Girl: Forty-five years later, one of America’s most iconic photos hides truth in plain sight.” [2013]


Wikipedia. "Wartime sexual violence." [n.d.]

Lauren Wolfe [Women’s Media Center].  “Portraits of three women in Congo: Their lives, their rapes, their recovery.”  [2014]

_____.“Why soldiers rape–and when they don’t–in diagrams.”  [2014]

The greatest happiness is to vanquish your enemies, to chase them before you, to rob them of their wealth, to see those dear to them bathed in tears, to clasp to your bosom their wives and daughters.
— Genghis Khan

Tom Digby.  Love and war: How militarism shapes sex and sexuality. [2014]

          (To request a pdf from the author) 

Chris Coulter.  Bush wives and girl soldiers: Women’s lives through war and peace in Sierra Leone.  [2009]  ONLINE BOOK


They revert to the innocence of wild animals: we can imagine them returning from an orgy of murder, arson, rape, and torture, jubilant and at peace with themselves as though they had committed a fraternity prank — convinced, moreover, that the poets for a long time to come will have something to sing about and to praise.
— Friedrich Nietzsche



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